Question Description

There are three different parts to this assignment. 1. Basic definitions that you define in your own words2. Argument analysis3. Precis Please fill in the template of the homework assignment I will provide. Also I will provide you with the text to do the precis on.

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Chapter 9
Homework
(This is chapter 9 in the 6 th edition, but it is chapter 10 in the 7 th
edition.)
Free Will and Determinism
Instructions
There are four parts to this assignment. Each part requires you to type in information.
1. Definitions
2. Argument Analysis
3. Précis
Part One / Definitions
In your own words define/explain the following Concepts:
Determinism –
Fatalism –
Predestination –
Hard Determinism Praise and Blame –
Free Will –
Free Choice –
Page 2
Choice –
Libertarianism –
Existence precedes essence-
Radical Freedom-
Karma-
Samsara-
Soft Determinism/Compatibilism-
Chaos Theory/Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle-
Indeterminism-
Part Two / Argument Analysis
Do the following:
1. Look at each argument
2. Determine the major premise or premises.
3. Use the method of counter argument to argue against each argument. If an argument has more
than one major premise you should attack each major premise so that you understand how to
attack each major premise. Additionally, it has been my observation that some students find
one of the premises easier than the other.
Page 3
Blatchford’s Argument
Premise 1) If humans are controlled/Influenced by their environment, then they have no free will
Premise 2) Humans are controlled/Influenced by their environment
__________
Premise 3 / Conclusion 1) Humans have no free will
Premise 4) If humans have no free will, then all praise and blame are undeserved
__________
Conclusion 2) Therefore, all praise and blame are undeserved
Sartre’s Argument
Premise 1) Either humans are (radically) free to choose who they want to be, or they are not
(radically) free to choose who they want to be
Premise 2) It is not the case that they are not free to choose who they want to be
___________
Premise 3 / Conclusion 1) Human beings are (radically) free to choose to who they want to be
Premise 4) If human beings are free to choose, then they will become who they choose to be
___________
Conclusion 2) Therefore, human beings become who they choose to be
Page 4
Radhakrishnan’s Argument
Premise 1) If the self is not free from the bounds of determinism (i.e. Karma), then it cannot
subjugate the past to a certain extent and turn a new course
Premise 2) Through choice, the self can subjugate the past and turn a new course
___________
Conclusion) Therefore, the self is free from the bounds of determinism (i.e. Karma)
Waller’s Argument
Premise 1) Either you are radically free, or you are totally determined, or you are both free and
determined
Premise 2) You are not radically free
Premise 3) You are not totally determined
___________
Conclusion) Therefore, you are both free and determined
Page 5
Part 3 / Precise
The topic for this précis is one of the readings for the ‘Free Will and Determinism chapter.’ The
options are: Blatchford, Sartre, Radhakrishnan, and Waller.
Instructions
1. Read one of the readings from the book.
2. Fill out the précis form below or write it out in a paragraph
Sentence 1 (Who/What?)
__________________in the ______________, _______________________________
(Author’s Full Name)
(A-noun)
(Title of text)
_________________, _______________, that ___________________________
(B-verb)
(Point of Article/Book etc…)
_________________________________________________________________
Sentence 2 (How?)
_______________ supports his/her ____________ by ______________________
(Author’s Last Name)
(B-noun)
(C–verb / used as gerund)
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Sentence 3 (Why?)
The author’s purpose is to _____________________________________________
(D-verb / used as infinitive)
__________________________ in order to/so that ________________________
_________________________________________________________________
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Sentence 4 (To Whom?)
The author writes in a _____________ style for___________________________
(E–adjective)
_________________________________________________________________
(his/her audience, the readers of)
and others interested in the topic of ___________________________________ .
(The point of the essay etc…)
Word Bank
These are merely suggestions. Feel free to use other words.
Section A
(news/magazine/
journal) article
book review, editorial,
first-hand report,
personal or
biographical essay,
biography,
research report
Section B
analyzes/analysis
argues/argument,
asserts/assertion,
discusses/discussion,
focuses on/focus
explains/explanation
Section C
comparing / contrasting
retelling, explaining,
illustrating, defending,
demonstrating,
defining, describing,
listing, arguing, showing,
justifying, relating,
reporting, noting,
emphasizing, pointing
out, highlighting the fact
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Section D
argue,
call attention to,
deny,
show,
point out,
prove
suggest,
inform,
persuade,
disclose,
report,
convince
Section E
(register/language)
formal, impersonal
casual, informal
(tone)
humorous,
emotional,
friendly,
reasoned,
logical,
exaggerated,

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