Eating Behaviour And Social Cognitive Theory

Eating Behaviour And Social Cognitive Theory

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Eating Behaviour And Social Cognitive Theory

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Eating Behaviour And Social Cognitive Theory

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Discuss about the Eating Behaviour and Social Cognitive Theory.

Eating Behaviour:
To prevent the different range of the chronic diseases the interventions and understanding is required for both environmental and individual level determinants and hence the traditional approaches of the individual towards management and prevention of the chronic diseases are more in focus with having limited focus on the environmental influences 4. According to the WHO (World Health Organisation), chronic diseases are meant as the main cause for the death around the globe, with increasing pervasiveness across all province and socioeconomic status. The unhealthy diets, dietary patterns, and physical inactivity are considered to be the major cause of the chronic diseases and hence. Certain specific dietary patterns and the food patterns such as increasing the vegetables servings may result in decreasing the risk of chronic diseases 3.  Having a good amount of the vegetables in the daily routine plays a significant role and hence adding three serving of the vegetables in the daily dietary pattern will help in reducing the risk of the chronic diseases. Vegetables are nutritious containing certain variety of advantageous nutrients. The eating behaviour of the vegetables in a great way is as a result of the social and the environmental factors which results in making the positive food choices with reducing the negative food choices. Having positive attitude to reduce the risk of chronic diseases through eating patterns are health promoting 3.
Social Cognitive Theory’
The Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) is one of the extensive models that are used to develop the basic nutrition educational programs; the theory mainly gives emphasis to common interactions of individual, behaviour, and environment 1.  According to the theory, the personal and environmental characteristics influence the behaviour in a great way 4. Outcome expectations are the anticipatory outcomes of the behaviour. An outcome expectation of SCT helps me in identifying that certain events that are happening related to the health care as a result of the eating habits 2. Individuals are to anticipate the different aspects of the situation which behaviour to be performed and hence developed expectations related to the situation and expectations related to the outcome as a result of the behaviour before actually encountering the situation. The outcome expectation results in the anticipatory behaviour to reduce the anxiety and increasing the ability to handle the situation 2. Hence the behaviour of eating three servings of vegetables in a day results to the positive outcome of healthy behaviour.
Outcome expectancies are the values that are placed by an individual on the given outcome. Expectancies influences the eating behaviour of an individual in a great way having magnitude, on the quantitative value which can be negative or positive and is generally represented on the continuum from -I to+ I 4. Expectancies control behaviour as per the hedonic principle 2; which is that if all the things are equal than an individual will perform an activity which maximises the positive outcome and minimises the negative outcome. Hence adding the vegetable in the dietary plan prevent certain negative outcomes related to the helath and have the certain functional meaning of improving the health and decreasing the risk of chronic diseases 2.
Self-efficacy proves to be beneficial to develop confidence for performing the vegetable dietary habit and hence act as a significant prerequisite for the changing behaviour 5. Self efficacy was found to be modest but statically a significant indicator to change the behaviour of consuming low fat food with increased consumption of the vegetables in the diet 5.  Repeating the vegetable eating behaviour in the dietary plan builds the individuals self efficacy through the changing performance expectations of having a helath life free of disease risk 1.  Through self efficacy the eating behaviour of vegetables are approached through small steps which were started eating it once in a day then increases to three times to ensure success to attain healthy life.
Reciprocal determinism; As per the social cognitive theory behaviour of an individual is dynamic depending on the individual and the environment that in turn influence one another simultaneously.  Reciprocal determinism is the continued interaction among the individual characteristic, behaviour, and environment within which the act is performed. Any change in any of the one component in turn has a great implication on the other 1. Hence as per the reciprocal determinism, multiple possibilities is considered for the behaviour changes which include the environment, personal changes, and the skills. The eating behaviour of vegetables is as a result of the changing environment where there is a risk of chronic diseases and to keep physical fir with not gaining weight.
Encouragement of vigorous dietary behaviours ought to include hard work to enlarge self-efficacy and outcome expectations for eating nutritious foods 5. 
Factors influencing your intended eating behaviour:
Many factors such as physclogical, environmental, food accessibility, food preferences and cognitive factors in a great way influenced the eating behaviour of an individual. The behaviour of eating vegetable through three servings in a day is the result of the cognitive factors which develops the prediction of health behaviour increasing the intention of eating vegetables in the diet 1.  The nutritional knowledge and increasing awareness towards the chronic diseases along with this to have fit body and the environment which helps in identifying the food with high fat and sugar and to avoid such food in the diet. Behavioural factors through which there is an exposure to the nutritional values and hence helped to adapt eating behaviour of vegetables in the diet 3.
Merit of these Social Cognitive Theories:
The social cognitive theory together in a great way influences the food choices and the choice of the healthy life style of an individual. The theory helps to constructs such nutritional programmes for improving the food choices and decreasing the risk of the chronic disease among the individuals. Elf efficacy self-efficacy and the apparent significance of healthy behaviour, is an imperative mediator of socio-economic disparity in consumption of vegetables 3.

Young Hong M. The Effect of Social Cognitive Theory-Based Interventions on Dietary Behavior within Children. Journal of Nutritional Health & Food Science. 2016;4(5):1-9.
Winson A. The Demand for Healthy Eating: Supporting a Transformative Food “Movement”. Rural Sociology. 2010;75(4):584-600.
Byrd-Bredbenner C, Abbot J, Cussler E. Relationship of social cognitive theory concepts to mothers’ dietary intake and BMI. Maternal & Child Nutrition. 2010;7(3):241-252.
Doerksen S, McAuley E. Social Cognitive Determinants of Dietary Behavior Change in University Employes. Frontiers in Public Health. 2014;2.
Hackman C, Knowlden A. Theory of reasoned action and theory of planned behavior-based dietary interventions in adolescents and young adults: a systematic review. Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics. 2014;:101.

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