Patient Outcomes And Patient Care Efficiencies Essay

Patient Outcomes And Patient Care Efficiencies Essay

Patient Outcomes And Patient Care Efficiencies Essay
Its without doubt that there are countless ways to define efficiency in the health care system. The different structures of the health care systems around the world give rise to discrepancies in the definitions present. Yet such definitions all share common elements. Hence a unanimous statement of what efficiency is should be adopted to allow the fair evaluation of health care systems internationally. Efficiency should be simply defined as the balanced relationship between the inputs to health care and the maximized outputs that are generated from such inputs. Efficiency can be split into three broad categories, operational efficiency, allocative efficiency and administrative efficiency (Elizabeth A. McGlynn, et al. 2008). With this…show more content…
2009 p.18). An OECD study conducted in 2007 which compared unit costs found there was a potential for the reduction of costs. For countries such as Australia, France, Sweden and the US, such costs could be reduced by 5-48%. For the same output, it was estimated that Australia had to the potential to reduce 42% of costs. In terms of duplication of services, Australia’s rate of duplicating services was at 12% in 2008 compared to that of other countries such as 18% in Germany, 20% in the US, 10%, 11% and 7% (Survey of Sicker Adults 2005, 2008) in Canada, New Zealand and the UK, respectively. This shows that Australia is considered to be an average performer in this respect but seeing that there are such margins, Australia and other countries such as the US can still increase their efficiency. With the prevalence of test results being unavailable, 2008 results show that Australia was again an average performer with 17% of tests or medical records not being available at the time of assessment of sick patients. Here, Australia was topped by the Netherlands, Germany and the UK whom had 11%, 12%, and 15% (Survey of Sicker Adults 2005, 2008) of cases respectively. Human error and related adverse events are also of significance towards affecting efficiency with Australia being outperformed by the US by 9.3% of admissions. Patient Outcomes And Patient Care Efficiencies Essay
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Its without doubt that there are countless ways to define efficiency in the health care system. The different structures of the health care systems around the world give rise to discrepancies in the definitions present. Yet such definitions all share common elements. Hence a unanimous statement of what efficiency is should be adopted to allow the fair evaluation of health care systems internationally. Efficiency should be simply defined as the balanced relationship between the inputs to health care and the maximized outputs that are generated from such inputs. Efficiency can be split into three broad categories, operational efficiency, allocative efficiency and administrative efficiency (Elizabeth A. McGlynn, et al. 2008). With this…show more content…
2009 p.18). An OECD study conducted in 2007 which compared unit costs found there was a potential for the reduction of costs. For countries such as Australia, France, Sweden and the US, such costs could be reduced by 5-48%. For the same output, it was estimated that Australia had to the potential to reduce 42% of costs. In terms of duplication of services, Australia’s rate of duplicating services was at 12% in 2008 compared to that of other countries such as 18% in Germany, 20% in the US, 10%, 11% and 7% (Survey of Sicker Adults 2005, 2008) in Canada, New Zealand and the UK, respectively. This shows that Australia is considered to be an average performer in this respect but seeing that there are such margins, Australia and other countries such as the US can still increase their efficiency.Patient Outcomes And Patient Care Efficiencies Essay
Quality and Values Initiatives in Health Care
Introduction The relationship between the external quality and value initiatives in health care has been widely discussed in academic literature. Actually, this issue is of great importance as it reflects the role of patient satisfaction in healthcare. According to researchers, “in health care, the whole notion of quality has become a source of confusion and sometimes a distraction from genuine value improvement” (McClellan, 2008, p. 23). Quality is affected by patient outcomes and satisfaction. At the same time, quality helps to determine the value in healthcare. Patient Outcomes And Patient Care Efficiencies Essay
According to researchers, the attitudes of healthcare professionals to quality in health care practices and quality improvement methods depend on “specific quality initiatives” (Wilkinson, 2011, p. 6). Some of the quality and value initiatives include the “National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; the Hospital, Nursing Home, Home Health and End Stage Renal Disease Quality Initiatives undertaken by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid, and many other activities coordinated by DHHS’s Disparities Council and Office of Minority Health” (Patel & Rushefsky, 2008, p. 61). Besides, there are many private organizations that have developed quality and value initiatives to address public concerns regarding the quality of healthcare and nursing practices, including the National Business Group on Health, America’s Health Insurance Plans, and the Ambulatory Care Quality Alliance, National Committee on Quality Assurance, and other organizations (McClellan, 2008; Patel & Rushefsky, 2008). For example, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Initiatives and Nursing Home Quality Initiative are successful programs that help to assess quality measures in health Patient Outcomes And Patient Care Efficiencies Essay

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