Refugee Health In Australia

Refugee Health In Australia

Free Samples

Refugee Health In Australia

.cms-body-content table{width:100%!important;} #subhidecontent{ position: relative;
overflow-x: auto;
width: 100%;}

Refugee Health In Australia

0 Download9 Pages / 2,147 Words

1.Describe a contemporary issue in health care and explain why it presents a challenge in Clinical Practice.
2.Identify the issues for people affected by this problem including the impact on individuals and their Communities or Workplace.
3.Critically discuss strategies that could be considered for Implementation in the acute care AND primary health care/community setting (including cultural considerations) to address these issues.
4.Describe the implications of these issues for advanced practice nurses and nurse practitioners in terms of their need for education, resources and support.

Refugees and asylum seekers coming to settle in different state and territories of Australia face many difficulties during settlement. Cultural shock is common among them as they are unfamiliar with urban environment and struggle to maintain western lifestyle and budget (Challenges faced by new arrivals | Department of Social Services, Australian Government, 2017). Being a legal refugee myself, I am aware of the pathos and emotions of migrants coming to settle in new land. I am a north African Sudan who came to Australia through a UN Humanitarian visa. From my own experience, I can say that health and well-being of African refugees becomes difficult due to extreme difference in culture and presence of complex physical and mental illness in patient. The article presents the contemporary issues in health care by means of evaluation of the health issues of African refugees in Australia.
1.Contemporary issues in health care and challenges in clinical practice
After the successive wave of migration from Asia and Europe, Australia has transformed into a multicultural nation. Although multicultural environment is prone to many ethical tensions, however Australia has worked hard to integrate people from different nationalities into their community. However, the transition to new culture from previous culture is difficult. Apart from difficulty in accessing housing and job opportunities, accessing health service in new country becomes challenging (Riggs et al., 2012). Therefore, the main contemporary health issue in Australia’s health care environment is the cultural barrier to accessing Australian health services among refugees. This is seen because of lack of knowledge about Australian health care system. Refugees have been found to avoid service also due to unpleasant experience with health care providers in home countries. Secondly, based on cultural difference, expectation of refuges towards the delivery of care also differs resulting in disparities in health. Language difficulties like poor English language knowledge also discourage many patients from presenting to general practitioners (Drummond et al., 2011).
Due to the cultural and language barrier in accessing health service, health care professional working in Australia face challenges in working cross-culturally. Lack of cultural understanding of patients lead to misunderstanding and culturally sensitive practice needs are compromised (Almutairi, 2015). Diverse language, socioeconomic background and arrival of refugees with wide range of problems act as barrier to delivery of high quality clinical care. Diagnosis of illness becomes difficult due to the conflict between biomedical health model and health model of refugees. Clinicians are also challenged by caring for refugees with physical and psychological problems as refugee often related these problems to community alienation and social disconnectedness and do not seek health care support (Hauck et al., 2012). Hence, even though refugees population has an increased need for health care support, the accessibility to health service is often limited and very low. In addition, health care professional and staff lacks knowledge regarding culturally competent care. As African refuges mostly come in large numbers in Australia, the blog further explores in detail the impact of these issues on health of African refugees living in Australia.
2.Impact of health care issue on African refugees in Australia
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics data 2016, South Africa refuges comprise about 0.8% of the Australian population. Africans have come to Australia either as migrant through skilled and family reunion programs or refugees through the humanitarian program (3412.0 – Migration, Australia, 2015-16, 2017). Since the migration of the Africans in Australia, they have been challenged by several issues such as unemployment, issues in adjusting to Australian society, lack of understanding about legal rights and responsibilities, experience of discrimination or racism and accommodation and housing problems. The unemployment rate is high among African refugees because of lack of English language proficiency. Poor housing and unemployment has contributed to health risk and mental illness in African refugees. Great disparity exist between health of African refugees and Australians (Correa?Velez et al., 2015). This is also because health care providers lack cultural sensitivity in care and health care service is not affordable for most of the refugees.
African refugees are at disproportionately high risk of psychological distress and mental illness due to adaptation, acculturation and intergenerational conflict. They are continuously exposed to post migration stressors too after migrating to Australia because of unemployment, discrimination, limited English language proficiency and violence and anxiety among family members. There are many evidence regarding high rate of psychotic disorders post migration such as schizophrenia and depression (Chen et al., 2017). Racism and experience of discrimination also acted as a factor leading to increased risk of mental illness (Lucas & Edgar, 2014). Despite intensified rate of psychological distress among African refugees, utilization rate of mental health service is very low as African refugees lack trust in Australian health care system (Chen et al., 2017).
The need for culturally sensitive health promotion and early intervention for health and well-being of African refugees in Australia is also understood from risk factors of post-traumatic stress disorder  (PTSD) in them. Psychological distress was found to be high mostly due to pre and post migration stressors. The pre-migration factors included traumatic events leading to migration and the post migration factor included challenges in resettlement process respectively. Feeling of loneliness and several social integration stressors also aggravated the symptoms of PTSD in African refugees (Chen et al., 2017). Clark et al., (2014) also gave the evidence that limited resource and stress before resettlement in host countries leads to variety of chronic diseases among African refugees. However, health care access issues compound their health status too. Majority of them do not access health services due to language and communication difficulties and cultural beliefs. Their cultural beliefs mainly affected the expectation towards care and contributed to delayed care and poor health of refugees.
Overall, the challenges in accessing health service among African refugees can be understood from the theme of not meeting expectation and struggling to face a new life. African families struggle to understand new health system of Australia and mainly report barriers such as lengthy wait times, high cost medication and less ideal care. Secondly, new and unfamiliar environment also challenged then in terms of transportation, weather, language, employment and cultural difference (Woodgate et al., 2017).
3.Strategies to address the issue
To maximize health and well-being of African refugees and address health care issue, health promotion programs should focus on providing culturally sensitive health care service. The key strategies that Australian health care staffs requires at practice level includes incorporating principles of cultural competence in daily care, being familiar with African community resources and cultural perceptions, building personal working relationship and using interpreters with refugee families who have faced difficulty in speaking English (Wilson & Renzaho, 2015). This approach has the benefit of reducing the barrier faced by African refugees in seeking health care service in Australia. As alienation towards health care service is mainly seen because of poor cultural knowledge among health care staffs, integrating the principles of cultural competence has the potential to provided care according to cultural preference and expectation of refugees (Purnell, 2014). With the use of interpreters, more and more numbers of African refugees can be encouraged to seek health care resource. In addition, training Australian health care staffs about the range of cultural beliefs and health beliefs of African refugees will promote cultural responsiveness in care (Ellis,  Murray, & Barrett, 2014).
At the program delivery level, Australian health care organizations will have to ensure direct service providers are culturally competent and only those staff are recruited who have the knowledge of culturally appropriate care. Recruiting community members and staff will be important as they will be responsible for cultural responsiveness in care. This will help staffs to interpret meaning of symptoms and behaviors and seek adequate support from community members. While planning health care programs for African refugees, it should be ensured that the content of the program is relevant to their cultural background to promote inclusiveness in health care provisions. Family centered care should also be provided to promote involvement of all family members and address needs of children and mothers too (Cheng et al., 2015)
4.Implications of the issue for advanced practice nurse and nurse practitioners.
In relation to the issue of health care disparity and poor health status of African refugees due to cultural barriers in care, advanced practice nurse and nurse practitioners are also going to be challenged by this issue in care. This may lead to dissatisfaction with care and more burden for nurse due to the need to provide culturally sensitive care (Kaplan, Stow, & Szwarc, 2016). However, attending training regarding cultural competency will change knowledge, attitude and skills towards providing care to African refugees with different language and cultural preferences compared to Australians. Cultural knowledge will act as the foundation for expanding health care support to this group in Australia. Addressing attitude will be important to evolve nurses to a culturally competent caregiver. Communication skill will also play a role in adapting to new and different situations within the provision of care.
3412.0 – Migration, Australia, 2015-16. (2017). Retrieved 22 June 2017, from
Almutairi, K. M. (2015). Culture and language differences as a barrier to provision of quality care by the health workforce in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal, 36(4), 425-431.
Challenges faced by new arrivals | Department of Social Services, Australian Government. (2017). Retrieved 18 June 2017, from
Chen, W., Hall, B. J., Ling, L., & Renzaho, A. M. (2017). Pre-migration and post-migration factors associated with mental health in humanitarian migrants in Australia and the moderation effect of post-migration stressors: findings from the first wave data of the BNLA cohort study. The Lancet Psychiatry, 4(3), 218-229.
Chen, W., Hall, B. J., Ling, L., & Renzaho, A. M. (2017). Pre-migration and post-migration factors associated with mental health in humanitarian migrants in Australia and the moderation effect of post-migration stressors: findings from the first wave data of the BNLA cohort study. The Lancet Psychiatry, 4(3), 218-229.
Cheng, I. H., Vasi, S., Wahidi, S., & Russell, G. (2015). Rites of passage: Improving refugee access to general practice services. Australian family physician, 44(7), 503.
Clark, A., Gilbert, A., Rao, D., & Kerr, L. (2014). ‘Excuse me, do any of you ladies speak English?’Perspectives of refugee women living in South Australia: barriers to accessing primary health care and achieving the Quality Use of Medicines. Australian journal of primary health, 20(1), 92-97.
Correa?Velez, I., Barnett, A. G., & Gifford, S. (2015). Working for a better life: Longitudinal evidence on the predictors of employment among recently arrived refugee migrant men living in Australia. International Migration, 53(2), 321-337.
Drummond, P. D., Mizan, A., Brocx, K., & Wright, B. (2011). Barriers to accessing health care services for West African refugee women living in Western Australia. Health Care for Women International, 32(3), 206-224.
Ellis, B. H., Murray, K., & Barrett, C. (2014). Understanding the mental health of refugees: trauma, stress, and the cultural context. In The Massachusetts General Hospital textbook on diversity and cultural sensitivity in mental health (pp. 165-187). Springer New York.
Hauck, F. R., Corr, K. E., Lewis, S. H., & Oliver, M. N. (2012). Health and health care of African refugees: an underrecognized minority. Journal of the National Medical Association, 104(1-2), 61-71.
Kaplan, I., Stow, H. D., & Szwarc, J. (2016). Responding to the challenges of providing mental health services to refugees: an Australian case report. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved, 27(3), 1159-1170.
Lucas, D., & Edgar, B. (2014). Africans in Australia 2011: Their demography and human capital.
Purnell, L. D. (2014). Guide to culturally competent health care. FA Davis.
Riggs, E., Davis, E., Gibbs, L., Block, K., Szwarc, J., Casey, S., … & Waters, E. (2012). Accessing maternal and child health services in Melbourne, Australia: reflections from refugee families and service providers. BMC Health Services Research, 12(1), 117.
Wilson, A., & Renzaho, A. (2015). Intergenerational differences in acculturation experiences, food beliefs and perceived health risks among refugees from the Horn of Africa in Melbourne, Australia. Public health nutrition, 18(01), 176-188.
Woodgate, R. L., Busolo, D. S., Crockett, M., Dean, R. A., Amaladas, M. R., & Plourde, P. J. (2017). A qualitative study on African immigrant and refugee families’ experiences of accessing primary health care services in Manitoba, Canada: it’s not easy!. International Journal for Equity in Health, 16(1), 5.

Free Membership to World’s Largest Sample Bank

To View this & another 50000+ free samples. Please put
your valid email id.


Yes, alert me for offers and important updates


Download Sample Now

Earn back the money you have spent on the downloaded sample by uploading a unique assignment/study material/research material you have. After we assess the authenticity of the uploaded content, you will get 100% money back in your wallet within 7 days.

UploadUnique Document

DocumentUnder Evaluation

Get Moneyinto Your Wallet

Total 9 pages


*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as

Cite This Work
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:


My Assignment Help. (2018). Refugee Health In Australia. Retrieved from

“Refugee Health In Australia.” My Assignment Help, 2018,

My Assignment Help (2018) Refugee Health In Australia [Online]. Available from:[Accessed 18 December 2021].

My Assignment Help. ‘Refugee Health In Australia’ (My Assignment Help, 2018) accessed 18 December 2021.

My Assignment Help. Refugee Health In Australia [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 18 December 2021]. Available from:

.close{position: absolute;right: 5px;z-index: 999;opacity: 1;color: #ff8b00;}


Thank you for your interest
The respective sample has been mail to your register email id


$20 Credited
successfully in your wallet.
* $5 to be used on order value more than $50. Valid for
only 1

Account created successfully!
We have sent login details on your registered email.



For years, has been operating as one of the cheap assignment help providers in the USA. We are one of the best college paper writing services that keep service price minimal. We do not let the affordability of our service to hamper the standard of our work. We have separate teams of experts to provide report writing help . At, we believe in earning credibility, so students can pay for assignments only after getting satisfied solutions. Tough assignments bother you? Trust us with your project. You will not regret paying us to write assignments for you.

Latest Healthcare Samples

div#loaddata .card img {max-width: 100%;

5N1794 Safety And Health At Work
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: 5N1794
University: University College Cork is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Ireland

Assignment 1
Answer to question 1
I have conducted a survey at my workplace maned Lady’s Hospice and Care Services to observe the working environment. The aim of the survey is to find if it is a safe, healthy, secured and fulfilling place to work. A visual survey was conducted to locate and record the safety signs in the workplace. The objective of the survey is to observe and list different types of signs, location, their prom…
Australia Maple Ridge Management Introduction to film studies University of New South Wales Masters in Business Administration 

400837 Health And Socio Political Issues In Aged Care
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: 400837
University: Western Sydney University is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

Palliative care services are designed to improve the life of patient with progressive disease. People receiving palliative care have illness that has no prospect of cure.  As per the World Health Organisation, palliative care is a care given to patient suffering from life threatening illness to improve their quality of life by preventing and providing relief from sufferings by early recognition , assessment and trea…
Australia Minchinbury Management University of New South Wales 

PUBH6304 Global Health
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: PUBH6304
University: The University Of Newcastle is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is the spectrum of medical conditions caused due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) following which the patient suffers from a series medical complications due to suppression of the immune system of the body. With the progression of the disease, the patient is likely to suffer from a wide range of infections like tuberculosis and other opportu…
United States Newark Management University of New York Masters in Business Administration 

CON 321 Health Related Research
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: CON321
University: University Of Southern Maine is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United States

Leadership in the hospital is the ability to influence the staff toward providing quality health care. Leadership involves influencing human behavior to create a positive working environment (Langlois, 2012). Good leadership enables healthy relationships among staffs in the hospital enhancing quality delivery of health care services. Leadership is responsible to building teams that have trust, respect, support and effecti…

BL9412 Public Health
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: BL9412
University: University Of The West Of England is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United Kingdom

According to the researchers, it can be said that the management of the health care organizations has become a difficult task nowadays and the reason behind this is the occurrence of various issues in this sector (Hall et al., 2014). Therefore, the administrative employees of the organization should incorporate various revolutionized strategies for enriching the worth of care provided by the hospital to its clients and re…
Australia Ryde Management Information system strategy University of New South Wales (UNSW) Masters in Business Administration 


Our Essay Writing Service Features

Qualified Writers
Looming deadline? Get your paper done in 6 hours or less. Message via chat and we'll get onto it.
We care about the privacy of our clients and will never share your personal information with any third parties or persons.
Free Turnitin Report
A plagiarism report from Turnitin can be attached to your order to ensure your paper's originality.
Safe Payments
The further the deadline or the more pages you order, the lower the price! Affordability is in our DNA.
No Hidden Charges
We offer the lowest prices per page in the industry, with an average of $7 per page
24/7/365 Support
You can contact us any time of day and night with any questions; we'll always be happy to help you out.
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$3.99 Outline
$21.99 Unlimited Revisions
Get all these features for $65.77 FREE
Do My Paper

Frequently Asked Questions About Our Essay Writing Service

Academic Paper Writing Service

Our essay writers will gladly help you with:

Business Plan
Presentation or Speech
Admission Essay
Case Study
Reflective Writing
Annotated Bibliography
Creative Writing
Term Paper
Article Review
Critical Thinking / Review
Research Paper
Thesis / Dissertation
Book / Movie Review
Book Reviews
Literature Review
Research Proposal
Editing and proofreading
Find Your Writer

Latest Feedback From Our Customers

Customer ID:  # 678224
Research Paper
Highly knowledgeable expert, reasonable price. Great at explaining hard concerts!
Writer: Raymond B.
Customer ID: # 619634
Essay (any type)
Helped me with bear and bull markets right before my exam! Fast teacher. Would work with Grace again.
Writer: Lilian G.
Customer ID: # 519731
Research Paper
If you are scanning reviews trying to find a great tutoring service, then scan no more. This service elite!
Writer: Grace P.
Customer ID: #499222
Essay (any type)
This writer is great, finished very fast and the essay was perfect. Writer goes out of her way to meet your assignment needs!
Writer: Amanda B.
Place an Order

Calculate the price of your order

You will get a personal manager and a discount.
We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

Powered by WhatsApp Chat

× How can I help you?